## Diagonal equations with restricted solution sets

Let $\mathbb{F}_q$ be a finite field with $q=p^n$ elements. In this paper, we study the number of solutions of equations of the form $a_1 x_1^{d_1}+\dots+a_s x_s^{d_s}=b$ with $x_i\in\mathbb{F}_{p^{t_i}}$, where $b\in\mathbb{F}_q$ and $t_i|n$ for all $i=1,\dots,s$... In our main results, we employ results on quadratic forms to give an explicit formula for the number of solutions of diagonal equations with restricted solution sets satisfying certain natural restrictions on the exponents. As a consequence, we present conditions for the existence of solutions. We also discuss further questions concerning equations with restricted solution sets and present some open problems. read more

PDF Abstract