A study done recently has revealed that out of every two Indians, one is totally unaware of the fact that they have all the risk factors that can lead to diabetes in the future, such a state can also be called prediabetes. Also, some studies done in 2019 have predicted that there would be around 98 million diabetics in India by 2030 and that means half of that number are already in the pre-diabetes range. A government survey has found 11.8% of Indian population to be suffering from diabetes. All these statistics should act as a wake-up call for all of us who lead a sedentary lifestyle and eat unhealthy food because it can drag us into the pre-diabetes range and eventually into the diabetic category. As we all know, diabetes is a condition where the cells in the body become resistant to the action of insulin that is released from pancreas, and sugar levels build up in the bloodstream. Diabetes is the number one lifestyle-related disorder the world over and puts you into the danger of developing cardiovascular disease and stroke. A pre-diabetic condition is a state where a person no longer has normal sugar levels and is at the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. If no appropriate action is taken at this juncture and if corrective lifestyle measures are not made, prediabetes will convert into full-fledged diabetes quickly. Prediabetes is usually determined by testing HbA1c of a person, which is an average glucose range of three months. It’s a diagnostic method to detect diabetes as well. A person with HbA1 c range of 5.7 to 6.4 is considered to have prediabetes. Above that, the person is considered to be a diabetic. Fasting blood sugar level that falls below 100 is considered normal and sugar range below 140 two hours after eating is normal too. If one’s random sugar levels fluctuates anywhere from 140 to 199 is taken as prediabetes. Timely intervention can stop prediabetic condition from progressing into type 2 diabetes. Rather than medical help, it’s upon oneself to take corrective measures to walk back from the prediabetic condition to prevent heart, kidney, and other chronic diseases.
What is Prediabetes?
If your blood glucose level is higher than normal (100 to 125) range but not high enough to be considered in the diabetic category, then you are prediabetic. Prediabetics have decreased insulin sensitivity and impaired glucose tolerance.
Chronology of How One Develops Type 2 Diabetes:
- A unhealthy diet high in refined carbs, sugar, and processed food keeps blood sugar levels always elevated with continuous spike in insulin production, which aids glucose/sugar to enter body cells. Over a period of time, body cells stop responding to the activity of insulin and glucose remains accumulated in the bloodstream, raising blood sugar levels. This is a stage where body cells develop insulin resistance, the most common factor in prediabetes.
- Insulin resistance over an extended period of time results in high LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, and also keeps blood pressure high.
- When a person continues to stay in the prediabetic stage with impaired insulin functioning and resistance, without any corrective measures in the form of diet or exercise, and blood sugar levels constantly high, diabetes shows up.
Effects of Prediabetes:
Prediabetes which goes unchecked would eventually lead to diabetes if no appropriate measures are taken and puts one at a higher risk of developing stroke and heart disease. It can adversely affect vital organs like kidney, liver, eyes, brain, etc.
Symptoms of Pre-diabetes:
A fasting glucose that ranges between 100 to 125 is considered to be pre-diabetic. A figure above 125 is considered to be diabetes. Now, most of the people out there get the shock of their lives when they realize they have already developed diabetes. However, you can stop this disease in its steps by reversing pre-diabetic conditions. But first, check for these symptoms to find out if you fall into this category:
1. Weight gain around the belly area: When you start noticing increased waist circumference and fat around the belly area, it’s a sign of insulin resistance and prediabetes. Get your fasting and random blood sugar levels checked along with HbA1c test to rule out prediabetes.
2. Extreme fatigue: One might feel drained out and low on energy even after a good night’s sleep, and that feeling remains through the day. If this fatigue stays with you day after day, it’s time to consult a doctor and get the tests done.
3. Frequent urination: Prediabetics and people with diabetics tend to have an urge to frequently take loo breaks and that’s because excess glucose that does not get absorbed into the body cells due to insulin resistance/impaired glucose tolerance gets accumulated in the bloodstream and this excess glucose gets excreted in the form of urination.
4. Blurred vision: With fluctuating blood sugar levels, the fragile blood vessels in the eye area bleed and cause blurry vision with people with prediabetics. If you have been having vision problems, get yourself eyes checked immediately.
5. Increased thirst: High blood sugar can lead to polydispia which is a tendency to feel excessively thirsty and dry around the mouth area.
6. Acanthosis nigricans: Dark and rough skin on the neck, armpits, elbows, knuckles, and knee area puts you in the risk of pre-diabetic category. Get yourself checked by a dermatologist to rule out other causes.
7. Frequent Migraine/headaches: Elevated blood sugar also causes high blood pressure which may give you frequent headaches or migraine attacks.
8. If you have PCOS, the risk of developing prediabetes is two fold. Get your hormones balanced and exercise regularly to control polycystic ovarian syndrome.
9. Problems having a sound sleep: People who are prediabetics often complain about difficulty trying to have a good sleep.
10. Problem remembering things: Often people with insulin resistance complain about difficulty remembering things and slight memory loss. Now is the time see your doctor.
11. Tingling, numbness, and pain in the hands and feet: Fluctuating glucose levels can cause numbness in the extremities with tingling sensation in hand and feet.
12. Wounds that do not heal as quickly as before: People also notice that their wounds and injuries are not healing as quickly as before. Get your HbA1c checked out right away to rule out prediabetes.
Even if you show the above symptoms, we would like to assure you that “prediabetes” is a condition which is absolutely reversible without the use of medication. You need to get out of the sedentary lifestyle, quit refined sugar completely, go low on simple carbohydrates, and eat a completely healthy diet. Rati Beauty diet programs are completely healthy and easy to follow. Download Rati Beauty app and subscribe to our Rati Beauty diet programs to lose weight effectively and stay healthy.