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Blemishes just like acne can ruin one’s appearance resulting in lowering the confidence of a person. Blemishes refer to dark marks or skin discoloration left behind due to acne whiteheads, blackheads or pimples. They usually develop on the face, back, chest or upper arms but generally can spread on any part of the body with hair follicles or pores.
Causes of Blemishes
There are numerous things that lead to blemishes.
Sometimes due to hormones, the pigment melanin (in charge of the skin color) could be in excess amounts on certain parts of the body compared to the rest leaving the skin to be hyper-pigmented. A hormone called androgen could also hyperactively increase the production of sebum making it a breeding ground for our beloved bacteria and thus, blemishes. Additionally, hormonal changes in pregnant and menstruating women can cause blemishes.
Frequent climatic changes, pollution & dust can cause some major blemishes. That’s why always protect your face & other exposed parts which are sensitive to blemishes. Blemishes are also allergic reactions to certain allergies of dust, sun or overexposure to other environmental elements.
3. Improper Care of the Skin & Body
Lack of any skincare routine or incorrect routine along with products unsuitable for your skin type are other major causes of blemishes. Also wrong eating habits, improper diet and insufficient intake of water can initiate blemishes.
Amongst other factors would be stress, internal health problems, aging etc.
1. CTM – Cleanse, Tone & Moisturize
Make sure to wash your skin with a face wash or soap both day and night. Use a gentle PH balanced cleanser so that your skin is not stripped out of its natural oils leaving your skin vulnerable to blemishes. Just because you see spots on your face, doesn’t mean you need to use acne products as they can be too harsh due to certain ingredients. Consult a doctor before using acne products. Use a toner after you wash to tighten your pores and moisturize with an oil-free & non comedogenic moisturizer.
2. Exfoliate once a week
Use an antibacterial exfoliating scrub to remove old skin cells that can otherwise plug pores and generate blemishes. Use the scrub gently, just once a week as it will damage the skin and stimulate more blemishes. Make sure your scrub contains alpha hydroxy acids or AHAs as it will boost cell renewal.
3. Protect your skin
Take precautions in protecting your delicate skin from sun exposure by wearing sunscreen, foundation and other products with SPF15+ and above. Make sure your skin is hydrated all the time, even while sleeping; apply a hydrating cream.
Make sure to sanitize your hands always before touching any part of your face because this is the most easiest way for bacteria to spread all over the skin and provoke blemishes. Also while using lip balms from small jars, don’t use your fingers for application, instead apply with a q-tip.