By Rima Chowdhury
Fruits and vegetables contain fats, sodium, fibre, nutrient and many essential vitamins. We have our own favourite set of fruits and vegetables that we eat and they are our close buddies when we fall sick. Have you ever observed that the colours of fruits and vegetables revolve around the 5 major colours of the wheel?
It may be purple, but is a subgroup of blue veggies, if it is dark pink it is a subgroup of red veggies and fruits. All the fruits and vegetables come together to give the ‘panchtantra’ to our health and life. Let’s check out these 5 major coloured veggies and fruits with their nutrient content and importance in our diet.
Red fruits have a nutritional punch for you; they have high oxidants with anti- inflammatory properties. They also reduce the risk of heart diseases and cancer. They provide a boost to our immune system and skin. Red fruits include tomatoes, beetroots, cherries, strawberries, watermelons, pomegranates, red onions, red bell peppers, kidney beans, red cabbage and many more.
Red fruits are also advised by doctors to pump your blood cells to a normal count and are also essential for ladies in their pregnancy. Tomato and red cabbage are good source of lycopene (Lycopene is a known for fighting prostate cancer).
Eating blues and purples help you to fight many diseases. It keeps your immune system strong and promotes good health. Blues in your diet help to fight against heart diseases, cancer and also slow down the aging process. There is a little memory loss when a person reaches his 40’s and 50’s and blueberries and blackberries help recover them.
Consuming blueberries and purple cabbage helps to keep your urinary tract in proper health and also to retain the memory power. Blue fruits and veggies include blueberries, purple cabbage, purple asparagus, brinjals, black currants and blackberries too.
From childhood itself, I have been forced to consume more of greens every day in my diet. Green vegetables are rich in phytochemical and also are a good source of fibres. Phytochemical are synthesised from plants and prevent from macular denigrations and women from ovarian cancer. They are aplenty in sulphur and potassium which is good for health. Lutein (which is available in green veggies) helps to improve the eye vision. Green vegetables include cabbage, spinach, broccoli, green peas, kiwi, cucumber, asparagus and many more.
Yellow and oranges fruits and veggies are mostly citrus in nature. They provide a boost of Vitamin C and Vitamin A. They also contain phytochemical, beta carotene, which reduces the risk of heart patients and also fights against any damaged cells. They are good to improve vision and provide citric acid to the body to maintain a proper level.
Yellow and oranges are specially recommended by National Cancer Institute (NCI) because it helps your body to fight against cold and fever. Also, it heals wounds, keeps your bones strong and keeps your skin healthy. The yellow fruits are mango, carrot, lemon, peaches, pumpkin, orange, papaya, pineapple, yellow bell pepper and yellow raisins.
Eating whites help you to keep your blood sugar at a normal level and also are probiotic, which helps to keep your intestine good and healthy. They not only add good flavour to food, but also have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Onion keeps you away from cold and cough and also is bliss for colon and stomach cancer patients. Whites include garlic, onion, leeks, cauliflower, reddish, and jicama.
Hope you enjoyed reading the 5 major colours of food. Include these 5 foods regularly to your diet it is not only attars vision but will also give you tongue licking taste. Thank you
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